Athens – The Islamic State, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), is based on Islam’s main theory about the path to the Day of Judgment matter to its strategy, and wants to help the West know its enemy and predict its behavior.
It aims to establish a caliphate, or Islamic state in Sunni majority regions of Iraq and Syria. In June 2014, they seized control of Mosul, Fallujah and Tikrit in northern-Iraq in large scale military offensives.
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has been ISIS leader since May 2010, but he rarely speaks on camera. This fact along with others regarding the ISIS organisation and due to the fact that few have been there and return, multiply our ignorance of the Islamic State. For a couple of years there was a vague perception of the Islamic State. It was solely linked with al‑Qaeda, despite the fact that jihadism has evolved from about 1998 to 2003, and many jihadists disdain the group’s priorities and current leadership.
Dimitris Stergiou, retired Colonel and candidate doctorate in economics at the University of Peloponnese, talked about ISIS strategic vision. “It is a caliphate based in Syria and Iraq mainly but it has global extension. Its doctrine is to liberate the world from the financial system, while the caliph is not allowed to be in power more than ten years.”
It is very important to realize the basic structure and the financial standards of Islamic state in order to explain ISIS power. The basic monthly salary is about 100 US dollars, while a roll of bread costs 1 dollar. “The Islamic state has a “solidarity contribution” and the Othoman’s state tax in tenth. Its resources basically come from oil, thefts, compromises, foreign (outside the Islamic State) donations and abductions. It controls oil’s upstream but down stream as well.
“I don’t understand why it became lately such a big fuss about smuggling oil in Turkeys’ borders with Syria. It is a well known established practice for years conducted by many ways: via donkeys, walking or through pipes. The families see the smuggling as a compensation for the refugees’ burden”, explains Mr. Stergiou. Another very strong atout of ISIS is its powerful media. “The Islamic State’s monthly magazine Dabiq having an application as well is a strong weapon of communication. In Dabiq the Islamic State announces clearly its goals and aspirations”.
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