venerdì, Maggio 14

The Golden Dawn slight gain in the elections field_506ffb1d3dbe2

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Athens – Far-right Golden Dawn remained the third political force in the country rising slightly to 7% from 6,3% in last January’s legislative election. Until March, the Golden Dawn’s leader Nikos Michaloliakos was in prison on charges of running a criminal gang masquerading as a political organisation.

Under the banner of being “the only nationalist choice” and the shadow of the massive refugees flows arriving in the islands of Kos and Lesvos, the Golden Dawn managed to be a considerable power in the Greek political scene and there where fears that its power will be even more boosted.

The Golden Dawn, often described by the other parties and the Media as “neo-Nazi” or   “fascist” definitely played on locals’ fears in order to gain votes from non usual voters. Has the Memorandum or the bankrupted Greek political system reinforced this party which was until 2009 a party of 0.3%? L’ “Indro” met Giorgos Kontogiorgis, Political Science Professor and ex Rector of the Panteion University, who put a light on the Golden Dawn phenomenon.

 

Which factors have empowered the Golden Dawn?

Undoubtedly, the political system and its failure. In Greece like elsewhere, there is only one political system and its degenerative version, which is the authoritarian regime, in that case the Golden Dawn. The current political system is arbitrarily legitimized as both democratic and representative, because the one contradicts the other. In reality, we have an electable monarchy with very strong oligarchic foundation, in which the prime minister is super powerful.

The society has an uninstitutional function, without consisting a body. It can protest over an unpopular political decision, without being given the right to change it.

A system in order to be representative, has to be based on the two basic roles: the assignor and the assignee. In other countries, there is an intermediary class which imposes oligarchy policies to serve the interests of some groups, but at the same time it guarantees social cohesion. On the contrary, in Greece the system is treated like a loot.

The only thing that no Greek government (and the parties in favour or against the Memorandum) will change is the corrupted political system and the complex legislature. When the system doesn’t work the politicians vote another law.

What is the Golden Dawn all about?

The Golden Dawn is a political construction, unconventional in terms of behaviour, but part of the regime as the other parties. It doesn’t aspire to suggest alternative policies: it is mostly a punishment for the parties which didn’t handle well the crisis, that’s why its rhetoric is mainly based on “scandals” and “corruption”. It was not the Memorandum itself that brought GD into power, but the incapacity and unwillingness of the Greek politicians to help the society get through the crisis, having its roots on corruption and a non functionable public administration. The Golden Down is an original production of degeneration of the political system and not the result of ideological mutation of the society.

The Greek political system, once again in its History, instead of trying to correct its flaws which lead the society to vote the Golden Dawn as a protest vote, picks the easy road: criminalises the Golden Dawn and doesn’t take any measures to improve the system.

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